Nyersanyagbányák és konfliktusok Afrikában

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This Mine Is Mine! How Minerals Fuel Conflicts in Africa

Nicolas Berman Mathieu Couttenier Dominic Rohner Mathias Thoenig

American Economic Review
vol. 107, no. 6, June 2017
(pp. 1564-1610)
 

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Abstract

We combine georeferenced data on mining extraction of 14 minerals with information on conflict events at spatial resolution of 0.5 degree x 0.5 degree for all of Africa between 1997 and 2010. Exploiting exogenous variations in world prices, we find a positive impact of mining on conflict at the local level. Quantitatively, our estimates suggest that the historical rise in mineral prices (commodity super-cycle) might explain up to one-fourth of the average level of violence across African countries over the period. We then document how a fighting group’s control of a mining area contributes to escalation from local to global violence. Finally, we analyze the impact of corporate practices and transparency initiatives in the mining industry.

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Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Közgazdaság- és Regionális Tudományi Kutatóközpont Közgazdaság-tudományi Intézet
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