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Publications - Labour Market Yearbook

2018

2018 THE HUNGARIAN LABOUR MARKET 2018 Editors: Károly Fazekas, Ágnes Szabó-Morvai

The Hungarian Labour Market Yearbook series was launched in the year 2000 by the Institute of Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences with the support of the National Employment Foundation. The yearbook presents the actual characteristics of the Hungarian labour market and employment policy, and provides an in-depth analysis of a topical issue each year. The editorial board has striven to deliver relevant and useful information on trends in the Hungarian labour market, the legislative and institutional background of the employment policy, and up-to-date findings from Hungarian and international research studies to civil servants, staff of the public employment service, municipalities, NGOs, public administration offices, education and research institutions, the press and electronic media. An important aspect is that the various analyses and the data published in the yearbook series should provide a good source of knowledge for higher education on the different topics of labour economics and human resources management. The yearbook series presents the main characteristics and internal trends of the Hungarian labour market. Continuing our previous editorial practice, we selected an area that we considered especially important from the perspective of understanding Hungarian labour market trends and  the effectiveness of evidence-based employment policy. Based on the decision of the editorial board the topic of ‘In Focus’ this year discusses the labour market situation of women.

The book can be downloaded in one file or by chapters:

Tartalom

ContentsForewordThe Hungarian labour market in 2017 (Tamás Bakó & Judit Lakatos)In Focus: Women in the labour marketIntroduction (Ágnes Szabó-Morvai)1 Women in the labour market1.1 The problem and its background and literature review (Júlia Varga)2 Women in the Hungarian labour market – Trends in the past ten years2.1 Labour force participation, employment, unemployment and wages (János Köllő)2.2 Is there a glass ceiling in Hungary? Gender wage gap by educational attainment (Anna Adamecz-Völgyi)2.3 Female and male managers (Beáta Nagy & Anna Sebők)K2.1 Women in science – in Europe and Hungary (Veronika Paksi & Dóra Groó)3 Women’s labour market performance in the EU and in Hungary3.1 Female employment in post-socialist EU member states (Flóra Samu, Ágota Scharle & Márton Csillag)3.2 Inequality in Europe – women, men and couples (Zsombor Cseres-Gergely)3.3 Work-family policies affecting female employment in Europe (Judit Kálmán4 Human capital, part I. Birth and early childhood4.1 Introduction (Ágnes Szabó-Morvai)4.2 The role of early childhood shocks in the emergence of gender inequalities (Ágnes Szabó-Morvai)4.3 The impacts of abortion restrictions on birth outcomes (Anna Adamecz-Völgyi, Anna Bárdits, Gábor Kertesi & Ágnes Szabó-Morvai)5 Human capital, part II. Test scores and school performance5.1 Changes in the gender gap in educational attainment (Júlia Varga)5.2 Gender gaps in test scores in international comparison (Zoltán Hermann)5.3 Girls in Hungarian vocational education (Márton Csillag, Bori Greskovics & Tamás Molnár)5.4 Horizontal gender segregation in higher education – STEM applications (Koen Declercq & Júlia Varga)6 Human capital, part III. The role of non-cognitive skills6.1 The impact of the increasing significance of non-cognitive skills on the labour market situation of women (Károly Fazekas)K6.1 Gender differences in the stability of personality traits over time (János Kiss Hubert & Ágnes Szabó-Morvai)6.2 Gender differences in preferences in the literature (Luca Flóra Drucker, Dániel Horn & Hubert János Kiss)K6.2 Gender differences in the use of cognitive skills at work (Rita Pető & Balázs Reizer)K6.3 The effect of motivation and feedback (Anna Lovász & Ágnes Szabó-Morvai)7 Human capital, part IV. Health and labour market participation among women (Anikó Bíró, Réka Branyiczki & Péter Elek)8 Marriage, having children8.1 The effects of teenage motherhood (Anna Adamecz-Völgyi)8.2 The impact of childcare availability on female labour supply (Ágnes Szabó-Morvai & Anna Lovász)K8.1 Development of nursery capacities (Ágota Scharle)8.3 Career before and after having a child (Anna Lovász, Ewa Cukrowska-Torzewska & Ágnes Szabó-Morvai)8.4 The role of parenthood in the gender wage gap (Anna Lovász & Ewa Cukrowska-Torzewska)K8.2 Opportunities provided by the hungarian birth cohort study (Balázs Kapitány & Zsuzsanna Veroszta)9 Division of labour in the household (Ágnes Szabó-Morvai)K9.1 Spillover between work and private life (Beáta Nagy, Gábor Király & Márta Radó)10 Classic labour market discrimination (Anna Lovász & Bori Simonovits)K10.1 Labour market discrimination, 1995–2016 (Gábor Kőrösi)11 The institutional context11.1 Changes in the regulatory environment affecting female employment (Ágnes Makó)11.2 Flexible work arrangements and other family-friendly measures among Hungarian companies (István János Tóth, Miklós Hajdu & Ágnes Makó)11.3 The main characteristics of women in public works (Irén Busch & Judit Lakatos)12 Dilemmas of Female40 (András Simonovits & Melinda Tir)Labour Market Policy Tools ( June 2017–May 2018) (Miklós Hajdu, Ágnes Makó, Fruzsina Nábelek & Zsanna Nyírő)Statistical dataIndex of tables and figures

2017

2017 THE HUNGARIAN LABOUR MARKET 2017 Editors: Károly Fazekas János Köllő

The Hungarian Labour Market Yearbook presents the actual characteristics of the Hungarian labour market and employment policy, and provides an in-depth analysis of a topical issue each year. The editorial board has striven to deliver relevant and useful information on trends in the Hungarian labour market, the legislative and institutional background of the employment policy, and up-to-date findings from Hungarian and international research studies to civil servants, staff of the public employment service, municipalities, NGOs, public administration offices, education and research institutions, the press and electronic media. The yearbook series presents the main characteristics and trends of the Hungarian labour market in an international comparison based on the available statistical information, conceptual research and empirical analysis in a clearly structured and easily accessible format. Continuing our previous editorial practice, we selected an area that we considered especially important from the perspective of understanding Hungarian labour market trends and the effectiveness of evidence-based employment policy. The topic of In Focus chapter is the labour shortage in this year.

The book can be downloaded in one file (pdf) or by chapters:

Contents
Foreword
The Hungarian labour market in 2016 (Tamás Bakó & Judit Lakatos)
In Focus: Labour shortage
Foreword by the editor (János Köllő)
1 Definition and measurement
1.1 How to define labour shortage (János Köllő, Daniella Nagy & István János Tóth)
1.2 “Labour shortage” in the Hungarian public discourse (István János Tóth & Zsanna Nyírő)
1.3 Trends in basic shortage indicators (János Köllő, Zsanna Nyírő & István János Tóth)
1.4 Distortions in vacancy statistics, corporate and job centre shortage reports (János Köllő & Júlia Varga)
1.5 Shortage and unemployment (János Köllő & Júlia Varga)
2 The “usual suspects” – demographic replacement and employment abroad
2.1 Demographic replacement (Zoltán Hermann & Júlia Varga)
2.2 The impact of demographic replacement on employment structure (Éva Czethoffer & János Köllő)
2.3 Labour emigration and labour shortage (Ágnes Hárs & Dávid Simon)
3 Recruitment difficulties, business opportunities and wages – enterprise-level analysis
3.1 Enterprises complaining about recruitment difficulties (István János Tóth & Zsanna Nyírő)
3.2 Manifest shortage – vacancies and idle capacities (Miklós Hajdu, János Köllő & István János Tóth)
3.3 Wage levels, manifest shortage, planned and actual pay rises (János Köllő, László Reszegi & István János Tóth)
3.4 Long-term trends in relative wages. are there any signs indicating shortage? (Éva Czethoffer & János Köllő)
4 Labour shortage and vocational education
4.1 Vocational training (János Köllő)
4.2 The career plans of 15 year olds: who wants to enter STEM? (Zsuzsa Blasko & Artur Pokropek)
5 The role of adaptability
5.1 What are the tendencies in demand? The appreciation of noncognitive skills (Károly Fazekas)
5.2 Labour mobility in Hungary (Júlia Varga)
5.3 Knowledge accumulation in adulthood (János Köllő)
5.4 Might training programmes ease labour shortage? The targeting and effectiveness of training programmes organised or financed by local employment offices of the Hungarian Public Employment Service (Anna Adamecz-Völgyi, Márton Csillag, Tamás Molnár & Ágota Scharle)
Labour market policy tools (April 2016 – May 2017) (Miklós Hajdu, Ágnes Makó, Fruzsina Nábelek & Zsanna Nyírő)
Index of tables and figures
Statistical data

2016

THE HUNGARIAN LABOUR MARKET 2016 Blaskó Zsuzsa, Fazekas Károly

The Hungarian Labour Market Yearbook furnishes the pre­sent-day characteristics of the Hungarian labour market and of the Hungar­ian employment policy, and features an in-depth analysis of a topical issue each year. The editorial board has striven to deliver relevant and use­ful information on trends in the Hungarian labour market, the legislative and institutional background of employment policy, and up-to-date findings from Hungarian and international research studies to civil servants, staff of the Em­ployment Service, municipalities, NGOs, public administration offices, educa­tion and research institutions, the press and electronic media. The yearbook series presents the main characteristics and trends of the Hungarian labour market in an international comparison us­ing available statistical information, conceptual research and empirical analysis in a clearly structured and easily accessible format. Continuing our previous editorial practice, we selected an area that we con­sidered especially important from the perspective of understanding Hungar­ian labour market trends and the effectiveness of evidence-based employment policy. In 2015, In Focus addresses the issue of international migration.

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2015

THE HUNGARIAN LABOUR MARKET 2015 Fazekas Károly, Varga Júlia

The Hungarian Labour Market Yearbook series was launched fifteen years ago by the Institute of Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences with support from the National Employment Foundation. The yearbook presents the main characteristics of the Hungarian labour market and of the Hungarian employment policy, and features an in-depth analysis of a topical issue each year. From the outset, the editorial board has striven to bring relevant and us¬able information on trends in the Hungarian labour market, the legislative and institutional background of employment policy, and up-to-date findings from Hungarian and international research studies to policy makers, civil servants, municipalities, NGOs, higher education and research institutions, the press and electronic media.
Continuing our previous editorial practice, we selected an area that we considered especially important from the perspective of understanding Hungarian labour market trends and the effectiveness of evidence-based policies. Thus, this year the focus is on public works in Hungary.

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2014

THE HUNGARIAN LABOUR MARKET 2014 Fazekas Károly, Neumann László

The Hungarian Labour Market Yearbook series was launched 14 years ago by the Institute of Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Science with support from the National Employment Foundation (OFA). The yearbook presents the main characteristics of Hungarian employment policy and each year features an in-depth analysis of a topical issue. The current volume examines the characteristics of public sector employment. From the outset, the editorial board has striven to bring relevant and usable information on trends in the Hungarian labour market, the legislative and institutional background of employment policy, and up-to-date findings from Hungarian and international research to policy makers, civil servants, government officials, higher education and research institutions, and the press and electronic media. The research published in the yearbook series would also provide a good source of knowledge for higher education on the topics of labour economics and human resources management. The yearbook presents the main characteristics and trends of the Hungarian labour market in an international comparison using available statistical information, conceptual research and empirical analysis in a clearly structured and easily accessible format.

Tartalom

A könyv letölthető:
egy file-ként pdf-ben vagy fejezetenként:

ContentsIntroduction The Hungarian labour market in 2012–2013 (Tamás Bakó)In Focus: Labour market of the public sector Introduction (László Neumann)1. What do we know about public sector employment? (János Köllő)1.1 Number of employees and average wages in government and municipality owned businesses (László Neumann & Kitti Varadovics)1.2 The size and cost of public works employment (Ágota Scharle)2. Wage level and selection in the public sector
2.1 Wage differential between the public and private sector in Hungary between 2002 and 2008 – the long term effect of wage increase (Szilvia Altwicker-Hámori & Anna Lovász)2.1.1 Do women have better opportunities in the public sector? An analysis of the gender pay gap and occupational segregation in the public and private sector (Anna Lovász)2.2 Wage spillovers between the public and corporate sectors (Álmos Telegdy)2.3 Pay level and selection to the public sector (János Köllő)2.4 Labour outflow from the public sector in Hungary (Péter Elek & Péter András Szabó)2.5 Why do people choose to work in the public sector? The role of subjective factors (György Molnár & Zsuzsa Kapitány)2.5.1 The satisfaction of public sector workers (György Molnár & Zsuzsa Kapitány)3. The institutional environment of the public sector labour market
3.1 Trends in labour law – the dismantling of job security in the public sector (Beáta Nacsa)3.2 The specifics of setting salaries and interest reconciliation in the public sector (Erzsébet Berki)3.2.1 Collective bargaining in businesses owned by central and local governments (Erzsébet Berki)3.3 Crises and waves – changes in the system of public employment in Europe (László Váradi)3.4 Crisis driven changes in wage setting systems in the EU (Márk Edelényi & László Neumann)3.5 Privatisation of municipal services, outsourcing and in-sourcing efforts and their employment impacts in the European Union countries and Hungary (László Neumann & Márk Edelényi)3.5.1 Case studies on municipalities’ service provision (László Neumann & Márk Edelényi)4. Occupational labour markets
4.1 Teacher salaries, teachers’ selection and turnover (Júlia Varga)4.1.1 Teacher salaries in the public sector (1986–2013) (Júlia Varga)4.2. Labour mobility and employee bargaining power in healthcare – Regional overview (Imre Gergely Szabó)4.2.1 Doctors’ pay and gratuities (János Köllő)4.3 Nurses and other health care professionals (Erzsébet Berki, Éva Czethoffer & Endre Szabó)4.4 Law enforcement workers, before and after retirement (Erzsébet Berki, Éva Czethoffer & Endre Szabó)Labour market policy interventions. September 2012 – January 2014 (Zsombor Cseres-Gergely & Kitti Varadovics)Statistical DataIndex of tables and figures

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2013

THE HUNGARIAN LABOUR MARKET 2013 Fazekas Károly, Benczúr Péter, Telegdy Álmos

The Hungarian Labour Market Yearbook series was launched in 2000 with the support of the National Employment Non-Profit Public Company Ltd. The yearbook presents the main characteristics of Hungarian employment policy and each year features an in-depth analysis of a topical issue. The editorial board has striven, from the beginning, to provide up-to-date results of labour market research and useful information on the Hungarian labour market tendencies as well as the legislative and institutional background of the employment policy of the GO and NGO organizations of the public employment services, local governments, the public administration, educational and research organisations and – last but not least – for both the press and the electronic media. This year we have also created a clearly structured and easily accessible volume that presents the main characteristics and trends of the Hungarian labour market onthe basis of available statistics, conceptual research and empirical analysis. Continuing our previous editorial practice, we selected areas that we consider especially important from the perspective of understanding labour market trends in Hungary and effective evidence-based policy making.

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2012

THE HUNGARIAN LABOUR MARKET 2012 Fazekas Károly, Kézdi Gábor

The Hungarian Labour Market Yearbooks series was launched in 2000 with the support of the National Employment Non-Profit Public Company Ltd. The yearbook presents the main characteristics of Hungarian employment policy and features an indepth analysis of a topical issue each year. The editorial board has striven from the beginning to provide up-to-date results of labour market research and useful information on the Hungarian labour market tendencies as well as the legislative and institutional background of the employment policy for the GO and NGO organizations of the public employment services, the local governments, the public administration, educational and research organisations and – last but not least – for both the press and the electronic media. This year we have also created a clearly structured and easily accessible volume that presents the main characteristics and trends of the Hungarian labour market on the basis of available statistics, theoretical research and empirical analysis. Continuing our previous editorial practice, we selected an area that we consider especially important for the effectiveness of Hungarian employment policy: the impact evaluation of active labour market policies.

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2011

THE HUNGARIAN LABOUR MARKET - REVIEW AND ANALYSIS 2011 Fazekas Károly, Molnár György

The Hungarian Labour Market – Review and Analysis contains a review of the current developments in the labour market and employment policy, as well as an in-depth analysis of a subject area within the topic.
This year, we once again compiled a publication that details the characteristics of Hungarian labour market processes and their interrelations in an easily understandable, transparent structure based on the available statistics and on both theoretical and empirical research. In each chapter, we have understandably placed an emphasis on the presentation and analysis of the labour market consequences of the economic crisis.

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2010

THE HUNGARIAN LABOUR MARKET - REVIEW AND ANALYSIS 2010 Fazekas Károly, Lovász Anna, Telegdy Álmos

The series of our labour market yearbooks was launched with the goal of reviewing the main developments in the Hungarian labour market annually, and of giving an in-depth analysis of selected issues. In this volume the first part gives an overview of the labour market impact of the first year of the economic crisis, and the policy response to it. The second part analyzes characteristics of labour market discrimination and segregation. The introductory chapter of this section summarizes the different types of observable statistical differences between groups present in the labour market, introduces the standard economic models of labour market discrimination, and discusses non-discriminatory phenomena which may also lead to the observed between-group differences. The third part describes the legal and institutional environment of the Hungarian labour market in 2008-2009. The closing part presents a comprehensive collection of statistical data on labour related issues.

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2009

THE HUNGARIAN LABOUR MARKET - REVIEW AND ANALYSIS 2009 Fazekas Károly, Köllő János

The series of our labour market yearbooks was launched with the goal of reviewing the main developments in the Hungarian labour market annually, and of giving an in-depth analysis of selected issues. The introductory chapter of the present volume discusses trends and recent changes in employment, activity, and unemployment between 2007 and the first quarter of 2009. The first part of this year’s In Focus presents a descriptive statistical overview of the labour market as seen through the microdata of the European Labour Force Survey. The second part deals with a specific aspect of the labour market, namely vocational training. The authors present a strong evidence that vocational training is an ailing part of the educational system in need of profound reforms. The third part of the book discusses the legal and institutional environment of the Hungarian labour market, while the closing chapter provides a comprehensive collection of statistical data.

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2008

THE HUNGARIAN LABOUR MARKET - REVIEW AND ANALYSIS 2008 Fazekas Károly, Cseres-Gergely Zsombor, Scharle Ágota

The series of our labour market yearbooks was launched with the goal of reviewing the main developments in the Hungarian labour market annuallyand of giving an in-depth analysis of selected issues. The “In Focus” analysis are based on up-to-date results of empirical studies carried out in different fields of the Hungarian labour market. The selection criteria for the topics of these chapters were determined by the editorial board of the yearbook. Two basic principles are followed: the chosen subjects must have crucial relevance for policy making and the authors must be equipped with solid empirical evidence to produce a detailed description of social and economic developments and to reveal causality relations between the outcomes and the determinant factors. The first chapter presents the main labour market trends in Hungary in 2007 which include participation, employment and unemployment rates and information on wages. The second part of this volume presents analyses of the labour supply implications of welfare provisions. The third part presents an evaluation of the impact of active labour market programmes in the period 2001-2006, and summarizes the main changes in labour market policies and institutions during and after 2007. The closing part presents a comprehensive collection of statistical data on the Hungarian labour market.

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2007

THE HUNGARIAN LABOUR MARKET - REVIEW AND ANALYSIS 2007 Fazekas Károly és Kézdi Gábor

The original goal of our labour market yearbooks is to review annually the main developments in the Hungarian labour market and to give an in-depth analysis on selected issues. Experiences accumulated through the publication of the previous volumes (seven in Hungarian and five in English) and their reception in Hungary and abroad confirmed our original idea and gave us the stimulation to enhance both the contents and the quality of the new volumes. This volume consists of four parts: 1. Labour market trends in Hungary: In this chapter we present the main labour market trends in 2006. 2. In Focus: This year we put “in focus” wage formation on the Hungarian labour market. 3. Legal and Institutional Environment of the Hungarian Labour Market: This year’s study is a summary overview of the current legislation and rules, having unemployment benefits and active labour market policies in its focus. 4. Statistical data: The closing chapter presents a statistical data set, and gives comprehensive information on the main economic developments, such as demographic trends, employment, unemployment and inactivity, wages, education, labour demand and supply, regional differences, migration, commuting, and labour relations, together with some international comparisons and methodological remarks.

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